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Accessory Dwelling Unit

254 bytes added, 10 September
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'''''Context''':&nbsp;<br/> Tiny houses on wheels are technically vehicles, not buildings. In residential zones within the City of Portland, vehicles can be parked on private property. Portland’s property maintenance code, however, does not allow such vehicles to be used for ‘habitable’ purposes. This proposal would allow for the<br/> habitation of these structures if they meet location, setback, lot coverage, and other requirements of detached accessory structures and meet specific life safety performance standards. It would not extend to accessory structures on a foundation for which building permits are required.''</blockquote> <blockquote>'''''Implementation'''<br/> This proposal would establish Tiny Houses on Wheels (THOWs) as either accessory dwelling units or detached accessory structures under the zoning code. It would also create an allowance within the property maintenance code for the legal habitation of these structures."&nbsp; &nbsp;''[Spevak 2015].&nbsp;</blockquote>
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<blockquote>'''''Other Zoning Code sections:'''''<br/> ''• Designate THOWs connected to fresh water and sewer as detached accessory dwelling units. Allow one of these per property by right. Allow up to one per thousand square feet of site area through a Type II conditional use permit (to allow for little tiny house communities).'' ''• Designate THOWs not connected to fresh water or sewer as habitable detached accessory<br/> structures. These would be functionally equivalent to detached bedrooms and regulated as<br/> such, meaning that more than one could be allowed on a property so long as site coverage<br/> maximums and other zoning code requirements are met.''</blockquote>
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the discussions around this were described here:<br/> Steve Law. "[https://pamplinmedia.com/pt/9-news/354859-234173-picture-tiny-houses-in-big-numbers Picture Tiny Houses in Big Numbers: Legalizing them could spur more affordable housing,ease gentrification and displacement]." Portland Tribune, April 20, 2017.
<blockquote>Tiny houses could "take off" if Portland homeowners, residents and entrepreneurs knew it was legal to site them in people's yards, says Eli Spevak, a member of the Portland Planning and Sustainability Commission who has developed tiny homes, ADUs and co-housing projects. "It benefits the homeowner (who can collect rent), and it benefits the person living there," says Eric, a tiny house resident and activist in Northeast Portland, who asked that his last name not be used so he won't get evicted. '''Cheaper, smaller than ADUs''' The typical ADU built in Portland at the maximum 800 square feet now costs about $180,000, says Kol Peterson, who operates the accessorydwellings.org blog and is working on a book on ADUs. A typical tiny house on wheels has about 120 square feet of floor space, plus the sleeping loft(s), and can cost as little as $30,000, Peterson says. He and his wife own one of the few places where it's legal to stay in a tiny house in Portland because it's commercially zoned — Caravan, the Tiny House Hotel, on Northeast Alberta Street. The newest arrival there, a fashionable tiny house on wheels built by Colin Bardon, cost about $50,000, Bardon said. [https://pamplinmedia.com/images/artimg/00003575369412.jpgIronicallyhttps://pamplinmedia.com/images/artimg/00003575369412.jpgIronically], banks will loan money to build a tiny house on wheels but not ADUs, because tiny houses can be repossessed if the loan isn't paid off. Portlanders building ADUs must scrounge up the cash or borrow against their home equity, if they have enough. Though ADUs could be built smaller and more cheaply, it's hard to pay for today's construction costs by charging rents under $1,000. Having tiny houses available for rent "would open up a whole market in the $300 a month to $800 a month range for a lot of people" who have nowhere else to go, says Eric, who has built four of them." [...] '''Models for Portland''' [https://pamplinmedia.com/images/artimg/00003575369483.jpgSome https://pamplinmedia.com/images/artimg/00003575369483.jpgSome] local activists say Portland could legalize tiny houses by adapting Fresno's ordinance, which would require sewer, water and electrical hookups that meet code. Peterson, the ADU expert, suggests a simpler idea of adapting Eugene's camping ordinance, which allows residents to offer space on their property to people in tents, RVs or tiny houses, as long as they don't charge rent. The rent prohibition would have to be lifted to enable people to finance new tiny houses here on a large scale. Some tiny house owners suggest the city legalize them as "detached bedrooms," where residents share use of the main house's kitchen and bathroom. Several activists suggest tiny house advocates be enlisted to sit down with Portland city officials and hammer out changes to city regulations to legalize the units. Spevak and other advocates tried to do that with former Mayor Charlie Hales, and prepared a draft proposal called A Legal Path for Tiny Houses on Wheels. That suggested that sewer, water and electrical hookups be required, or that tiny homes be allowed as accessory bedrooms. Their proposal called for changes to the property maintenance code so that tiny-house living would be legal if specified safety provisions were met, relating to emergency exits, handrails, smoke and carbon monoxide detectors, and weatherproofing. Hales and his aide said they'd work on the idea, Spevak says, but "it didn't happen." '''Now up to Wheeler''' Last August, when the city Bureau of Development Services demanded that a Northeast Portland couple vacate their tiny house in a family member's yard, Mayor-elect Ted Wheeler told KGW News he sympathized with the couple and wanted to do something about the problem. Wheeler's general goal is that there should be more opportunity for tiny houses as a place to live legally, says Nathan Howard, a policy adviser to the mayor. "We're not yet ready on specifics," Howard says, though he's been following news of the Fresno ordinance. Wheeler supports increasing density via infill with duplexes, triplexes, garden apartments and ADUs, says Michael Cox, the mayor's spokesman. But so far, tiny homes have been viewed more as an "alternate shelter option," Cox says. One example: Wheeler is supporting a tiny house "pod" village for homeless women in North Portland's Kenton neighborhood as a pilot project, which could be replicated. Wheeler wants more "flexibility" to site tiny houses in neighborhoods where they are welcomed, Cox says, but notes they may not go over well in some areas. The Bureau of Development Services is discussing ideas for permitting and inspecting tiny homes, but that relates specifically to a Blanchet House project to train people how to build 30 homes, says Matt Wickstrom, a senior city planner for the bureau."</blockquote>
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*Los Angeles, City of. [2018b]. "Proposed Accessory Dwelling Unit Ordinance:&nbsp;CPC-2016-4345-CA Exhibit A."&nbsp; November 29, 2018.&nbsp;[https://planning.lacity.org/ordinances/docs/ADU/Ordinance.pdf https://planning.lacity.org/ordinances/docs/ADU/Ordinance.pdf].&nbsp;<br/> &nbsp;
*Los Angeles County. Department of Regional Planning. "[http://planning.lacounty.gov/secondunitpilot Second Dwelling Unit (Accessory Dwelling Unit) Pilot Program]." 2017. [http://planning.lacounty.gov/secondunitpilot http://planning.lacounty.gov/secondunitpilot].<br/> &nbsp;
*Law, Steve. "[https://pamplinmedia.com/pt/9-news/354859-234173-picture-tiny-houses-in-big-numbers Picture Tiny Houses in Big Numbers: Legalizing them could spur more affordable housing,ease gentrification and displacement]." Portland Tribune, April 20, 2017.<br/> [https://pamplinmedia.com/pt/9-news/354859-234173-picture-tiny-houses-in-big-numbers https://pamplinmedia.com/pt/9-news/354859-234173-picture-tiny-houses-in-big-numbers].&nbsp; [https://fhhdvflq88zy5xpor0bgfa-on.drv.tw/public/Law_Picture-Tiny-Houses-In-Big-Numbers_Portland-Tribune_2017-04-20b.html alt copy].&nbsp;<br/> &nbsp;
*McCormick, Kathleen. "ADUs for all the right reasons." [Boulder] ''Daily Camera,&nbsp;''5 Jan 2018.&nbsp;[http://www.dailycamera.com/guest-opinions/ci_31572459/kathleen-mccormick-adus-all-right-reasons http://www.dailycamera.com/guest-opinions/ci_31572459/kathleen-mccormick-adus-all-right-reasons].<br/> &nbsp;
*McCormick, Tim. "New Starter Homes: creating a network of highly affordable, detachable, ownable, 'starter,' smart, tiny homes in Portland." Proposal, initial version August 2018, ongoing updates. Accessed 8 Sept 2019.&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Bit.ly/levitatetown|bit.ly/levitatetown]].&nbsp;<br/> &nbsp;
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