Unlike "public housing" the term social housing may include a wider range of cases including the significant earlier history of private social housing, e.g. Tower Buildings in Brooklyn, 1879.
- 1 Privately developed
- 1.1 French contract units system
- 1.2 Inclusionary housing (on-site)
- 1.3 Privately owned
- 2 References
French contract units system
contracting for affordable units in private developments is how France mostly does it:
Inclusionary housing (on-site)
The Fuggerei, Augsburg Germany
the world's oldest social housing complex still in use. It is a walled enclave within the city of Augsburg, Bavaria. It takes its name from the Fugger family and was founded in 1516 by Jakob Fugger the Younger (known as "Jakob Fugger the Rich") as a place where the needy citizens of Augsburg could be housed. By 1523, 52 houses had been built, and in the coming years the area expanded with various streets, small squares and a church. The gates were locked at night, so the Fuggerei was, in its own right, very similar to a small independent medieval town. It is still inhabited today, affording it the status of being the oldest social housing project in the world. .
"Model Tenement" projects
Tower Buildings, Brooklyn
This 1879 building in Carroll Gardens, Brooklyn were build by a private philanthropist to offer quality, affordable worker housing. They are considered the first US "model tenement."
See Gray (2008), "Architectural Wealth, Built for the Poor." New York Times. 10 Oct, 2008. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/12/realestate/12scap.html.
Interesting short history of over a century of social housing, from the House of Commons Library
YIMBYwiki editor Tim McCormick previously lived next to US's 1st municipal public housing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Houses from early 1930s, and later also lived near the 1st US model tenement, the Tower Buildings.
- Bonnewit, Natalie. “Affordable Housing in Amsterdam and Copenhagen: Lessons for the San Francisco Bay Area.” German Marshall Fund of the United States, 8 December 2017. http://www.gmfus.org/publications/affordable-housing-amsterdam-and-copenhagen-lessons-san-francisco-bay-area.
- Calavita, Nico, and Alan Mallach (Eds). Inclusionary Housing in International Perspective: Affordable Housing, Social Inclusion, and Land Value Recapture. Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, July 2010.
Table of Contents, Forward, Preface, Ch. 1. http://www.lincolninst.edu/sites/default/files/pubfiles/inclusionary-housing-in-international-perspective-chp.pdf.
- Gill, Stephen. "Notes" to Oxford University Press edition of The Nether World by George Gissing. 1992.
- Gray, Christoper. "Architectural Wealth, Built for the Poor." New York Times. 10 Oct, 2008. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/12/realestate/12scap.html.
[on the Tower Buildings, in Carroll Gardens, Brooklyn, 1879 -- considered the 1st US model tenement].
- Harloe. "The People's Home?: Social Rented Housing in Europe and America" 1995.
- Kemeny, Jim. "From Public Housing to Social Market" (1995).
- Mallach, Alan. "Using the Wrong Tools to Build Affordable Housing." Shelterforce, 1 March 2016.
"Now, when French developers build subdivisions or condo projects, nonprofit housing corporations enter into turnkey contracts with the developer to buy blocs of apartments or houses, up to a maximum of 50 percent, of the units in the development. Based on those contracts, the nonprofits apply for a package of government loans, grants, and tax breaks so they can both buy the units and make sure they remain affordable. When the projects are completed, the nonprofit buys the units and operates them as affordable rental housing."
- UK House of Commons. short history of over a century of social housing from the House of Commons Library. http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/research/olympic-britain/housing-and-home-life/build-it-up-sell-it-off/.
- Vale, Lawrence J.. From the Puritans to the Projects: Public Housing and Public Neighbors. (Harvard University Press, 2007).
- Wikipedia. "First Houses." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Houses.